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The Sprint is an iteration during which the Scrum team builds an increment of the product and presents it to stakeholders for feedback. The Sprint sets the heartbeat for the whole Scrum team. It provides the cadence and structure for the team to follow. The Sprint is an iteration with a maximum duration of one month, although many teams choose a shorter timebox (the most common duration for a Sprint is two weeks). The Sprint supports sustainable pace and allows the team to perform its work incrementally and iteratively. All the other Scrum events are contained within the Sprint.

A Sprint starts always on the same day of the week (or of the month) and every Sprint has the same duration. The Scrum team decides how long their Sprints should be (for example, two weeks) and then all Sprints have the same duration. Sprints cannot be shortened or extended just to fit the work in. They just end when the timebox is over, and a new Sprint is started immediately after the previous one.

At the beginning of a new Sprint, the Scrum team plans the work that will be performed during the Sprint. The team member do this at Sprint Planning, and the result is the Sprint Backlog along with the Sprint Goal.

During the Sprint, the Developers do the work selected for the Sprint. To guide their effort and track their progress towards the Sprint Goal, the Developers meet every day for the Daily Scrum, a short 15-minute sync meeting to check progress and discuss what to do next.

At the end of the Sprint, the Scrum team meets with stakeholders (including, when possible, end-users and customers) at Sprint Review, and presents the increment of the product that the Developers have produced in the Sprint. Based on feedback from the participants, the Scrum team then decides any modifications to the plan and what to accomplish next.

Finally, the Scrum team meets for a Sprint Retrospective, an internal, private meeting aimed at discussing how the team is performing together, and identifying any opportunities for improvement.

The Sprint then ends, and the next business day a new Sprint is started.


Learn more about the Scrum framework with more information on specific events:


Sprint Planning

Daily Scrum

Sprint Review

Sprint Retrospective

Download the Scrum Events PDF

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